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Systems Research and Development (SRD)

Systems Research and Development (SRD) is a programming and computer-aided design (CAD) tool company who worked almost exclusively with Nintendo for over 40 years. SRD was founded in 1979 with their head office located in Osaka.

SRD were a Nintendo partner that programmed various Nintendo developed titles. They had no capital relationship with Nintendo up until 2022 when Nintendo acquired the company.  Prior to the acquisition they had very strong ties to Nintendo, so much so that the company’s games division was already located within Nintendo’s main office in Kyoto for many years.

SRD has provided programming support for nearly every Nintendo EAD developed title since the mid 1980’s. Hiroshi Ikeda’s creative team in R&D4 had many video game design ideas but was lacking the necessary programming skills to make it all happen. Toshihiko Nakago, and his small company Systems Research & Development, had expertise in computer design and was very familiar with the Famicom chipset.

SRD was originally hired to work with Masayuki Uemura’s Nintendo R&D2 to internally develop software development kits. When Nintendo R&D2 and SRD jointly began porting over R&D1 arcade games to the Famicom, Shigeru Miyamoto took the opportunity to lure Nakago away from R&D2, to help Miyamoto create his first Nintendo R&D4 video game, Excitebike. This would form the original R&D4 department consisting of Miyamoto, Takashi Tezuka, and Minoru Maeda handling Game design; Koji Kondo and Akito Nakatsuka handling sound design; and Toshihiko Nakago and SRD became the technology and programming core.

They ended up creating Nintendo’s two most enduring franchises: Mario and Zelda. The phenomenal sales of Super Mario Bros. and The Legend of Zelda fueled the expansion of the company with young game programmers. In addition to programming many of Nintendo’s games, the company was also involved in the back-end system development of the Nintendo eShop service.

On February 24, 2002 Nintendo announced that they would be acquiring Systems Research and Development by purchasing 100% of the outstanding shares in the company.  The move to make SRD a wholly owned subsidiary allows Nintendo to strengthen the management base of SRD and secure the availability of software development resources for Nintendo.

SRD logo
Parent Company SRD Holdings (1979-2022)
Nintendo (2022-Present)
LocationKyoto, Japan
FoundedJanuary 22, 1979
Number of EmployeesApproximately 140
PresidentToshihiko Nakago
Executive OfficersYuji Sawatani
Gentaro Takaki
DirectorsToshio Iwawaki
Kazuaki Morita
Yuichi Yamamoto

Known For:

1983NES BoxDonkey KongFamicom
Nintendo R&D1NintendoPlatformer
1983Donkey Kong Jr BoxDonkey Kong Jr.Famicom
Nintendo R&D1NintendoPlatformer
1983Donkey Kong Jr Math BoxDonkey Kong Jr. MathFamicom
Nintendo R&D2NintendoEducational
1983Mahjong BoxMahjongFamicomNintendo R&D1NintendoBoard Game
1984Vs Balloon Fight Arcade CabinetVs. Balloon FightArcadeNintendo R&D1NintendoPlatformer
Nintendo R&D4NintendoRacing
1985Ice Climber BoxIce ClimberFamicom
Nintendo R&D1NintendoPlatformer
1985Kung-Fu BoxKung-FuFamicom
Nintendo R&D1NintendoBeat 'em up
1985Super Mario Bros BoxSuper Mario Bros.Famicom
Nintendo R&D4NintendoPlatformer
1986The Legend of ZeldaFamicom Disk System
Nintendo R&D4NintendoAction-Adventure
1986Super Mario Bros - The Lost Levels BoxSuper Mario Bros. 2: The Lost LevelsFamicom Disk SystemNintendo R&D4NintendoPlatformer
1986The Mysterious Murasame Castle BoxThe Mysterious Murasame CastleFamicom Disk SystemNintendo R&D4NintendoAction-Adventure
1987Zelda II - The Adventures of Link BoxZelda II: The Adventure of LinkFamicom
Nintendo R&D4NintendoAction RPG
1987Doki Doki Panic BoxYume Kojo: Doki Doki PanicFamicomNintendo R&D4NintendoPlatformer
1987Famicom Grand Prix F-1 Race BoxFamicom Grand Prix: F-1 RaceFamicom Disk SystemNintendo R&D4
HAL Laboratory
1988Super Mario Bros 2 BoxSuper Mario Bros. 2Famicom
Nintendo R&D4NintendoPlatformer
1988Super Mario Bros 3 BoxSuper Mario Bros. 3Famicom
Nintendo R&D4NintendoPlatformer
1990Super Mario World BoxSuper Mario WorldSuper Famicom
Super Nintendo
Nintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
1991The Legend of Zelda A Link To The Past BoxThe Legend of Zelda: A Link to the PastSuper Famicom
Super Nintendo
Nintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
1993Super Mario All-Stars BoxSuper Mario All-StarsSuper Famicom
Nintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
1993The Legend of Zelda - Link's Awakening BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Link's AwakeningGame BoyNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
1995Super Mario World 2 BoxSuper Mario World 2: Yoshi’s IslandSuper Famicom
Super Nintendo
Nintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
1996Marvelous - Mōhitotsu no Takarajima BoxBS Marvelous: Camp ArnoldSuper Famicom
Nintendo R&D2
NintendoAction RPG
1996Marvelous - Mōhitotsu no Takarajima BoxBS Marvelous: Time AthleticSuper Famicom
Nintendo R&D2NintendoAction RPG
1996Super Mario USA BoxBS Super Mario USA Power ChallengeSuper Famicom
Nintendo EAD
1996Marvelous - Mōhitotsu no Takarajima BoxMarvelous: Mōhitotsu no TakarajimaSuper FamicomNintendo R&D2NintendoAction-Adventure
1996Super Mario 64 BoxSuper Mario 64Nintendo 64Nintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
1997Excitebike Mario Stadium Title ScreenExcitebike: Bun Bun Mario Battle StadiumSuper Famicom
Nintendo EAD
1997Star Fox 64 BoxStar Fox 64Nintendo 64Nintendo EADNintendoRail Shooter
Shoot 'em up
1997Yoshi's Story BoxYoshi's StoryNintendo 64Nintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
1998The Legend of Zelda - Link's Awakening Box DXThe Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening DXGame Boy ColorNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
1998The Legend of Zelda - Ocarina of Time BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of TimeNintendo 64Nintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
1999Super Mario Bros Deluxe BoxSuper Mario Bros. DeluxeGame Boy ColorNintendo R&D2NintendoPlatformer
2000Kirby Tilt n Tumle BoxKirby Tilt 'n' TumbleGame Boy ColorHAL LaboratoryNintendoAction
2000The Legend of Zelda - Majora's Mask BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Majora's MaskNintendo 64Nintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2001Animal Forest BoxAnimal ForestNintendo 64Nintendo EADNintendoLife Simulation
2001Animal Crossing BoxAnimal CrossingGameCubeNintendo EADNintendoLife Simulation
2001Super Mario Advance 2 BoxSuper Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2Game Boy AdvanceNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2002The Legend of Zelda - Wind Waker BoxThe Legend of Zelda: The Wind WakerGameCubeNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2002Super Mario Advance 3 BoxYoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3Game Boy AdvanceNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2003Animal Crossing e BoxAnimal Crossing e+GameCubeNintendo EADNintendoLife Simulation
2003Super Mario Advance 4 BoxSuper Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3Game Boy AdvanceNintendo R&D2NintendoPlatformer
2004Super Mario 64 DS BoxSuper Mario 64 DSNintendo DSNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2004The Legend of Zelda - Four Swords Adventures BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Four Swords AdventuresGameCubeNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2005Animal Crossing Wild World BoxAnimal Crossing: Wild WorldNintendo DSNintendo EADNintendoSocial Simulation
2005Yoshi Touch and Go BoxYoshi Touch & GoNintendo DSNintendo EAD Group No. 4NintendoPlatformer
2006New Super Mario Bros BoxNew Super Mario Bros.Nintendo DSNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2006The Legend of Zelda - Twilight Princess BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Twilight PrincessGameCube
Nintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2007Link's Crossbow Training BoxLink's Crossbow TrainingWiiNintendo EADNintendoShooter
2007The Legend of Zelda - Phantom Hourglass BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Phantom HourglassNintendo DSNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2007Wii Fit BoxWii FitWiiNintendo EAD Group No. 5NintendoExercise
2007Motto Eigo Zuke BoxMotto Eigo ZukeNintendo DSNintendoNintendoEducational
2008Animal Crossing City Folk BoxAnimal Crossing: City FolkWiiNintendo EADNintendoSocial Simulation
2008Jam with the Band BoxJam With The BandNintendo DSNintendo SDDNintendoMusic
2009New Super Mario Bros Wii BoxNew Super Mario Bros. WiiWiiNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2009Photo Dojo BoxPhoto DojoNintendo DsiNintendoNintendoFighting
2009The Legend of Zelda - Spirit Tracks BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Spirit TracksNintendo DSNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2009Wii Fit Plus BoxWii Fit PlusWiiNintendo EAD Group No. 5NintendoExercise
2010Super Mario All-Stars 25th Anniversary BoxSuper Mario All-StarsWiiNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2011Streetpass Mii PlazaStreet Pass Mii PlazaWiiNintendo
2011The Legend of Zelda - Skyward Sword BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Skyward SwordWiiNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2012Animal Crossing New Leaf BoxAnimal Crossing: New LeafNintendo 3DSNintendo EADNintendoSocial Simulation
2012New Super Mario Bros 2 BoxNew Super Mario Bros. 2Nintendo 3DSNintendo EAD Group No. 4NintendoPlatformer
2012New Super Mario Bros U BoxNew Super Mario Bros. UWii UNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2012Nintendo LandNintendo LandWii UNintendo EADNintendoParty
2012Nintendo eShopNintendo e-shop3DS
Wii U
Nintendo Switch
2013New Super Luigi U BoxNew Super Luigi UWii UNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2013The Legend of Zelda - A Link Between WorldsThe Legend of Zelda: A Link Between WorldsNintendo 3DSNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2013The Legend of Zelda - Wind Waker Box HD BoxThe Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker HDWii UNintendo EADNintendoAction-Adventure
2015Animal Crossing Happy Home Designer BoxAnimal Crossing: Happy Home DesignerNintendo 3DSNintendo EADNintendoSocial Simulation
2015Super Mario Maker BoxSuper Mario MakerWii UNintendo EADNintendoLevel Editor
2015The Legend of Zelda - Tri Force Heroes BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Tri Force HeroesNintendo 3DSNintendo EAD
2016Star Fox Zero BoxStar Fox ZeroWii UNintendo EPD
NintendoScrolling Shooter
2016Super Mario RunSuper Mario RuniOS/AndroidNintendo EADNintendoAuto-Running
20171-2 Switch Box1-2 SwitchNintendo SwitchNintendo EPDNintendoParty
2017Breath of the Wild BoxThe Legend of Zelda: Breath of the WildNintendo Switch
Wii U
Nintendo EPDNintendoAction-Adventure
2018Nintendo Labo Variety KitNintendo SwitchNintendo EPDNintendoVariety
2018Nintendo Labo Robot Kit BoxNintendo Labo Robot KitNintendo SwitchNintendo EPDNintendoAction
2018Nintendo Labo Vehicle Kit BoxNintendo Labo Vehicle KitNintendo SwitchNintendo EPDNintendoRacing
2018Super Smash Bros. Ultimate BoxSuper Smash Bros. UltimateNintendo SwitchBandai Namco Studios
Sora Ltd.
2019Nintendo Labo VR Kit BoxNintendo Labo VR KitNintendo SwitchNintendo EPDNintendoShooter
2019New Super Mario Bros U Deluxe BoxNew Super Mario Bros. U DeluxeNintendo SwitchNintendo EADNintendoPlatformer
2019Super Mario Maker 2 BoxSuper Mario Maker 2Nintendo SwitchNintendo EPDNintendoLevel Editor
2019Ring Fit Adventure BoxRing Fit Adventure
Nintendo Switch
Nintendo EPDNintendoFitness
2020Animal Crossing - New Horizons BoxAnimal Crossing: New Horizons
Nintendo Switch
Nintendo EPDNintendoLife Simulation
2021Game Builder Garage
Nintendo Switch
Nintendo EPDNintendoEducation

ProfileNameRoleKnown ForTenure
Toshihiko NakagoToshihiko NakagoPresidentDonkey Kong
Super Mario Bros.
Legend of Zelda
Profile PlaceholderGentaro TakakiExecutive Officer
Program Director
Animal Crossing
Animal Crossing: Wild World
New Super Mario Bros
Animal Crossing: City Folk
Animal Crossing: New Leaf
Profile PlaceholderYuji SawataniExecutive OfficerLegend of Zelda: Skyward Sword
Super Mario Maker
Star Fox Zero
Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild
Kazuaki MoritaKazuaki MoritaDirector and Technical FellowSuper Mario Bros.
Legend of Zelda
Star Fox
Toshio IwawakiToshio IwawakiManaging DirectorYume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic
Super Mario Bros. 2
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Super Mario 64
Yuichi YamamotoYuichi YamamotoDirectorLegend of Zelda: A Link to the Past
Star Fox 64
Yoshi's Story
Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker
Profile PlaceholderTatsunori TakaturaProgrammerYume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic
Super Mario Bros. 2
Super Mario World
Super Mario All-Stars
Profile PlaceholderShigehiro KasamatsuProgrammerYume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic
Super Mario Bros. 2
Zelda II: The Adventure of Link
Super Mario Bros. 3
Super Mario World
Profile PlaceholderYasunori TaketaniProgrammerYume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic
Super Mario Bros. 2
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Profile PlaceholderKei UramotoProgrammerLegend of Zelda: Twilight Princess
New Super Mario Bros. 2
Super Mario Run